BI 231 : Human Anatomy & Physiology I

Introduces basic anatomical and physiological terms, tissues, the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems including nervous histology, physiology, spinal cord and nerves. Includes lecture discussions complemented by laboratories involving microscopy, animal dissection, physiological exercises and computer based exercises. This is the first course in a three-course sequence.


Equivalent placement test scores also accepted. BI 112 or (BI 211 and BI 212) may be accepted.

Course Outcomes

Upon successful completion students will be able to:

  • Work collaboratively, competently and ethically within a team of other health care professionals in subsequent clinical and academic programs in allied health sciences.
  • Apply concepts and knowledge of general anatomical terminology, gross anatomy, physiology, histology and terminology related to the integument, muscular, skeletal and nervous systems (histology, physiology, spinal cord and nerves) toward clinical problem solving.
  • Critically evaluate health articles and medical journals related to anatomy and physiology and contextualize the knowledge into the realm of public health and broader social issues.
  • Effectively evaluate case studies in anatomy and physiology through verbal, written and/or multimedia means.
  • Continually develop scientific reasoning and the ability to interpret patient data through the collection of clinical and physiological parameters.
  • Use correct terminology to communicate anatomical features and physiological processes.

Additional Information

This course fulfills the following GE requirements: Science, Math, Computer Science/AS, Science, Math, Computer Science/ASOT-B, Science, Math, Computer Science/AAS, Science, Math, Computer Science/AGS, Science, Math, Computer Science/AAOT.

Evolution Statement

To clarify the teaching of evolution and its place in the classroom, the Portland Community College Science Departments stand by the following statements about what is science and how the theory of evolution is the major organizing theory in the discipline of the biological sciences.

A. Science is a fundamentally nondogmatic and self-correcting investigatory process. In science, a theory is neither a guess, a dogma, nor a myth. The theories developed through scientific investigation are not decided in advance, but can be and often are modified and revised through observation and experimentation.

B. The theory of evolution meets the criteria of a scientific theory. In contrast, creation “science” is neither self-examining nor investigatory. Creation “science” is not considered a legitimate science, but a form of religious advocacy. This position is established by legal precedence (Webster v. New Lenox School District #122, 917 F. 2d 1004).

Science instructors of Portland Community College will teach the theory of evolution not as absolute truth but as the most widely accepted scientific theory on the diversity of life. We, the Biology Subject Area Curriculum Committee at Portland Community College, therefore stand with such organizations as the National Association of Biology Teachers in opposing the inclusion of pseudo-sciences in our science curricula.

Course Adoption Date

Course Revision Date





Grading Options

Letter Grades


Audit Available